obi-belt

Obi Belt

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    An obi, which means "sash", is a belt tied around the waist of a woman's kimono to keep it in place. About 400 years ago, however, the obi was just a thin cord used as a waist tie.

    The width of the obi became slightly wider at the beginning of the Edo period (around 1600) and developed into its present form in the middle of the Edo period (around 1700).

    Obi Belt Origins

    In the early days, an obi was a cord or ribbon-like sash about 8 cm wide. Men's and women's obi were similar. By the early 17th century, both women and men wore a ribbon obi. By the 1680s, the width of the obi for women had doubled from its original size.

    By the 1730s, women's obi were about 25 centimetres wide, and by the turn of the 19th century they were as wide as 30 centimetres. At that time, separate ribbons and cords were already necessary to hold the obi in place. The men's obi was widest in the 1730s at about 16 centimetres.

    Towards the end of the 18th century, it was considered very fashionable to wear an extremely long kimono or kosode, which was dragged behind the wearer in the house.

    To prevent this long hem from dragging on the ground outdoors, the excess fabric was gathered at the waist and held in place with a shigoki obi underneath.

    Nowadays, kimonos are still made excessively long because they are essentially one size fits all. It's easy to tuck away excess fabric, but much harder to add fabric, so kimono makers prefer to play it safe and make them excessively long to fit everyone.

    The excess fabric is gathered at the hips, creating a pleat called the ohashori, which is then hidden behind the obi, although nowadays part of the pleat can be seen under the obi.

    Obi for Kimono

    Both in its style of making and in the choice of textile used and its scale, the obi often surpasses the conspicuousness of the kimono below it; a traditional maru obi is four meters long and about 30 cm wide, made of eye-catching, colorful or shiny and noble materials, embroidered with expensive lacquered threads, and covers the entire belly of the geisha in several layers up to the breastbone.

    It is chosen to match the kimono and to match the seasons, but often contrasts sharply with the colors of the kimono and traditionally forms the much more striking part of the garment. The material of the obi ranges from dyed cotton fabrics to strikingly colored silk brocade, sometimes meters long with a correspondingly high weight.

    Different Types of Obi Belts

    • Maru obi (丸帯?), belt characterized by common patterns on the entire two sides, it is usually made of silk brocade. With an average width of 33 cm and a length between 360 and 450 cm, it is the most formal of the obis.
    • Fukuro obi (袋帯?), belt characterized by patterns running only on the visible ends of the obi when it is tied. With an average width of 33 cm for a length of between 360 and 450 cm, it is a formal obi usually worn with furisode kimono.
    • Nagoya obi (名古屋帯?), created during the Taisho era, this belt is characterized by an "L" shape that makes it easier to make otaiko style knots.
    • Hanhaba obi (半幅帯/半巾帯?), half width belt, about 15 cm, it is reserved for informal uses and can be worn with komon type kimono and yukata.
    • Odori obi (盆踊帯?), similar to hanhaba obi, this half-width belt is decorated with motifs associated with celebration and dance in Japan, such as checkerboards or fans.
    • Tenga obi (典雅帯?), similar to the hanhaba obi, this half-width belt is adorned with motifs associated with celebrations in Japan, such as auspicious patterns and metallic colors.
    • Heko obi (兵児帯?), belt made of muslin or other light fabrics, this obi is reserved for very informal uses or for dressing little girls.
    • Tsuke obi (付け帯?), this term includes pre-knotted obis or obis with a partially constructed knot; there are very many varieties.
    • Kaku obi (角帯?), thin belt usually reserved for men's kimonos and martial arts.
    • Sakiori obi, belt made from the weaving of recycled kimono cloth, in the manner of lirettes.
    • Chuya obi (典雅?) or hara awase obi, most often made from two different fabrics sewn together, this obi has two different sides.
    • Darari obi (だらり帯?), this is the belt of the maiko, similar to the maru obi but of a greater length that can reach six meters; it carries at one of its ends the kamon of the okiya of its owner.