No Products in the Cart
Emperor Kazan (花山天皇, Kazan-tennō, November 29, 968 - March 17, 1008) was the sixty-fifth emperor of Japan, according to the traditional order of succession, and ruled from 984 to 9861.
Before his accession to the Chrysanthemum Throne, his personal name (his iminia) was Morosada-shinnō (守平親王).
Morosada-shinnō was the son of Emperor Reizei and thus the brother of Emperor Sanjō.
At the beginning of his reign, the emperors Reizei-in and En'yū-in both bore the title of Daijō-tennō.
Two years later, upon the death of his wife Tsuneko, a member of the Fujiwara clan, a short political struggle arose within the Fujiwara clan, as a result of which Fujiwara no Kaneie forced him to abdicate and put his grandson Ichijō on the throne.
Kazan was a renowned waka poet, and during his reign he gave Fujiwara no Kintō the task of compiling the Shūishū anthology.
After abdicating, Kazan became a Buddhist monk and retired to the temple of Gangyō-ji, also known after this time as Kazan-ji.
He made various pilgrimages and "re-founded" the Kannon pilgrimage, this pilgrimage having theoretically already been founded by a monk named Tokudo Shonin (Some historians doubt, however, that Kazan, with his unstable mental health, could not have founded this pilgrimage, thus leaving all credit to Shonin).
This pilgrimage consisted of traveling to 33 places, located in the eight provinces of the Bandō region. Kannon is said to have told him, in a vision, to visit these 33 sites to be freed from suffering.
The first site of this pilgrimage would be Sugimoto-dera in Kamakura. This site is also the first of the Kamakura pilgrimage.
According to many historians, Kazan's mental health, especially towards the end of his life, was not brilliant. Moreover, the life of a monk would have contributed to this deterioration. Kazan died at the age of 40.
Kazan died in 1008; and he is buried among the "seven imperial tombs" at Ryoan-ji temple in Kyoto. The mound that commemorates Emperor Kazan is now called "Kinugasa-yama".
The burial place of Kazan would have been quite humble in the period after the emperor died. These tombs reached their present state after the restoration of the imperial tombs that were commissioned by the Meiji emperor.
The Kugyō (公卿) is a collective name for the most respected men of the kuge, the most powerful officials in the imperial court, the most important ministers in the daijō-kan.
During the Kazan reign, there were ministers like:
The years of En'yū's reign are more specifically identified by more than one Japanese era or nengō.